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### G2K

 - Gmail is searchable by size and year: size:10m older_than:1y.It's a good option if you want to make some room in your Gmail for future.- I typically use \hrulefill or \noindent\hrulefill to achieve a horizontal line in LaTex. Subscribe to posts

#### Batch image work

posted Feb 15, 2016, 6:19 PM by Javad Taghia

 Use Irfanview via the batch processing menu item under "File", selectingadvanced options in the dialog box ( www.irfanview.com ). Works great, andyou can over-write existing files OR re-direct the batch output to adirectory of your choice....one of the most popular viewers worldwide!http://www.irfanview.com/

#### what-is-the-difference-between-a-theorem-a-lemma-and-a-corollary

posted Sep 21, 2015, 3:37 PM by Javad Taghia   [ updated Sep 21, 2015, 3:43 PM ]

 Definition — a precise and unambiguous description of the meaning of a mathematical term.  It characterizes the meaning of a word by giving all the properties and only those properties that must be true.Theorem — a mathematical statement that is proved using rigorous mathematical reasoning.  In a mathematical paper, the term theorem is often reserved for the most important results.Lemma — a minor result whose sole purpose is to help in proving a theorem.  It is a stepping stone on the path to proving a theorem. Very occasionally lemmas can take on a life of their own (Zorn’s lemma, Urysohn’s lemma, Burnside’s lemma, Sperner’s lemma).Corollary — a result in which the (usually short) proof relies heavily on a given theorem (we often say that “this is a corollary of Theorem A”).Proposition — a proved and often interesting result, but generally less important than a theorem.Conjecture — a statement that is unproved, but is believed to be true (Collatz conjecture, Goldbach conjecture, twin prime conjecture).Claim — an assertion that is then proved.  It is often used like an informal lemma.Axiom/Postulate — a statement that is assumed to be true without proof. These are the basic building blocks from which all theorems are proved (Euclid’s five postulates,Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms, Peano axioms).Identity — a mathematical expression giving the equality of two (often variable) quantities (trigonometric identities, Euler’s identity).Paradox — a statement that can be shown, using a given set of axioms and definitions, to be both true and false. Paradoxes are often used to show the inconsistencies in a flawed theory (Russell’s paradox).  The term paradox is often used informally to describe a surprising or counterintuitive result that follows from a given set of rules (Banach-Tarski paradox, Alabama paradox, Gabriel’s horn).https://divisbyzero.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/thcorlem.pdfPROF. DAVE RICHESON

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